Advance – Money that is paid before the modeling job is completed. This is deducted at a later time from the model’s pay. Advances can be given to cover modeling supplies such as portfolios.
Agency – An agency is a company the model hires to find her work. An agency makes their money through commission. They generally take 20% of the model’s rate and charge an additional 20% to the client.
Agency Card – A small card containing information about the model’s agency such as phone number and location and other personal information such as height and weight.
Agency Contract – A model release or other written agreement that explains the obligations between an agency and a model, or a photographer and a model, this usually comes from the agency.
Agent – An agent generally refers to a person that markets an actor/actress. A model does not need to deal with an agent, but wants to deal with agencies, which may still submit her for some acting work as well as modeling work.
Audition – Often called a casting, an audition is an opportunity for an actor/actress to showcase her talents to a client. Auditions held for commercials, theatrical performances, films, TV shows, etc, may have you perform a cold read (see below).
Beauty Shot – A headshot from the shoulders up, where the main focus is on the models face, including make up, hair, and accessories.
Body Shot – A full-length photo of a model, where the main focus is on the model’s body.
Book – A model’s portfolio containing composite cards and photographs of a model that is representing a certain modeling agency.
Booking – A job that has been scheduled and confirmed for a model.
Callback – A second audition with fewer people that allows the client to see and audition people again. A callback is generally a good sign and means the casting director and client liked your first audition.
Casting – When a business chooses a model for a fashion show, print, etc. A casting may also refer to a model call or go-see.
Casting Call – A request made by a business or a company asking agencies to have models appear for an interview.
Cattle Call – Auditions where several models show up at the same time and compete for the same job position.
Catwalk – A fashion runway.
Character Model – A model whose appearance suggests a certain character, such as a grandmother or construction worker.
Client – The person or company responsible for hiring the models for the job.
Cold Read – When the model or actor is handed a commercial copy or piece of a script and asked to perform it at an audition without having the opportunity to see and prepare the piece beforehand.
Commercial Model – A model that appears in commercial advertisements.
Commission – A certain percentage of the model’s earnings from a modeling job that is taken out by the agency that is representing the model. Typical commission is from about 15% to 20% of the total job earnings.
Composite – A card with the model’s picture, the agency representing them, and personal information (height, weight, etc). A comp card is a model’s business card. The card generally has a head and shoulder portrait on the front and up to four pictures on the back. It can also list the model’s basic stats. The comp card is an abridged version of the model’s portfolio.
Cover Girl – A female model that appears on the cover of a magazine or other forms of print work.
Day Rate – A model that works at a certain specified daily rate no matter how many hours the model actually works.
Department Store Model – A model that models for a department store, giving make up demonstrations, or modeling specific garments or accessories.
Editorial – A section of a magazine that shows a fashion and isn’t trying to advertise anything.
Exclusivity Clause – A legal document that only allows the model to work for one agency, and not work for any other agencies.
Freelance – A model that doesn’t rely on an agency to help promote and represent him/her.
Full Figure Model – A model that shows larger clothing fashions, garments and accessories.
Go-See – A modeling audition when a model goes to see and meet with the client and and show their portfolio.
Hair Model – A model that specializes on demonstrating the use of his/her hair.
Hand Model – A model that specializes on demonstrating the use of his/her hand.
Headshot – A tight portrait that generally shows only the face and sometimes the tops of shoulders. Headshots show a person as for who they with a focus on facial features only.
High Fashion Modeling – A model that participates in fashion shows that is at least 5 feet 8 inches and has a sophisticated overall appearance. High fashion models are the most well known kind of models as well as the highest paid models.
Informal Modeling – A type of modeling in which the model circulates among consumers and customers and answers questions about the garment or accessories that they are modeling.
Listing Agreement – A legal agreement between a model and an agency that gives the agency permission to market the model to prospective clients.
Make Up Artist – The person who is hired by the client to apply make up to models.
Mannequin Modeling – The process where live models hold frozen, mannequin-like positions.
Model Release – A legal statement that releases the rights of the model to the photographs that are taken at a photo shoot.
Open Call – An open call refers to a posted time during which an agency or client will see prospective models without previously scheduled appointments
Parts Model – A model that specializes on demonstrating the use of his/her body parts such as hands, feet, etc.
Photographer Release – A legal statement authorizing granting reproduction, reprint and usage rights of the photographers images to a another party.
Plus-size Model – A model that wears a larger size of garments. The size of plus-size models is usually size 12 and up.
Portfolio – A model’s portfolio is a group of pictures of the model put together in a book that she uses to market herself with. The pictures show the model’s age range and a variety of different expressions. A great portfolio will show the model’s ability to act while looking amazing at the same time.
Press Release – A statement that is distributed as a publicity release to the media.
Ramp Model – A model that specializes in demonstrating and displaying clothing and garments during fashion shows.
Released – This term is used for a model that is told that they are no longer being considered for modeling jobs, (usually around the age of 30).
Runway – A strip of platform or designated area for a model to walk while displaying and demonstrating clothing and garments to the audience.
Runway Model – A model that specializes in demonstrating and displaying clothing and garments during fashion shows.
Showroom – A room where models wear, display, or demonstrate samples and/or originals of saleable items to consumers and customers.
Showroom Model – A model that works in a show room and either wears, displays, or demonstrates samples and/or originals of saleable items to customers and consumers.
Sides – A short piece of the script that you will be expected to prepare or do a cold read from at an audition.
Stylist – A professional who provides accessories, garments, and/or props.
Supermodel – A famous and/or well-accomplished model, or a celebrity model.
Tear Sheet – a page cut or torn from a magazine or other printed publication that is usually put in a model’s portfolio.
Test Shoot – A photo shoot where the model and photographer agree to divide the costs of the shoot. This photo shoot is for the benefit of the photographer and the model.
Trade Show – A display or products and/or services, usually called a fair.
Voucher – A legal statement that usually originates from the model’s agency that includes the contact information and the model’s rates, this serves as a release for the model.
Zed Card – A card with the model’s picture, the agency representing them, and personal information (height, weight, etc).